Flag Hilbert schemes, colored projectors and Khovanov-Rozansky homology

We construct a categorification of the maximal commutative subalgebra of the type A Hecke algebra. Specifically, we propose a monoidal functor from the (symmetric) monoidal category of coherent sheaves on the flag Hilbert scheme to the (non-symmetric) monoidal category of Soergel bimodules. The adjoint of this functor allows one to match the Hochschild homology of any braid with the Euler characteristic of a sheaf on the flag Hilbert scheme. The categorified Jones-Wenzl projectors studied by Abel, Elias and Hogancamp are idempotents in the category of Soergel bimodules, and they correspond to the renormalized Koszul complexes of the torus fixed points on the flag Hilbert scheme. As a consequence, we conjecture that the endomorphism algebras of the categorified projectors correspond to the dg algebras of functions on affine charts of the flag Hilbert schemes. We define a family of differentials d_N on these dg algebras and conjecture that their homology matches that of the gl_N projectors, generalizing earlier conjectures of the first and third authors with Oblomkov and Shende.

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Infinitesimal change of stable basis